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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders


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JMD Scientific Statements and Guidelines in the Early View area have been typeset, copyedited, and reviewed by the writing group or author, but they have not appeared in a print or online issue of the journal. In some cases, the statement or guideline may be revised before it is eventually published in print and online.

Each manuscript published online ahead of print is citable, with the official publication date being the date of the manuscript's first online posting. JMD papers are assigned Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs), providing a persistent, permanent way to identify manuscripts published in the online environment.

Original Article
Trends in Physiotherapy Interventions and Medical Costs for Parkinson’s Disease in South Korea, 2011–2020
Dong-Woo Ryu, Jinse Park, Myung Jun Lee, Dallah Yoo, Sang-Myung Cheon
Received December 22, 2023  Accepted March 18, 2024  Published online March 19, 2024  
DOI:    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 527 View
  • 44 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Physiotherapy (PT), which is an effective strategy for managing Parkinson’s disease (PD), can influence health care utilization. We analyzed trends in health care utilization, PT interventions, and medical costs among patients with PD.
Using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2011 to 2020, we analyzed the number of patients with PD and their health care utilization and assessed the odds ratio (OR) for receiving regular PTs.
Over 10 years, 169,613 patients with PD were included in the analysis. The number of patients with PD increased annually from 49,417 in 2011 to 91,841 in 2020. The number of patients with PD receiving PT increased from 4,847 (9.81%) in 2011 to 13,163 (14.33%) in 2020, and the number of PT prescriptions increased from 81,220 in 2011 to 377,651 in 2019. Medical costs per patient with PD increased from 1,686 United States dollars (USD) in 2011 to 3,202 USD in 2020. The medical expenses for each patient with PD receiving PT increased from 6,582 USD in 2011 to 13,475 USD in 2020. Moreover, regular PTs were administered to 31,782 patients (18.74%) and were administered only through hospitalization. Those patients in their 50s with disabilities demonstrated a high OR for regular PTs, whereas those aged 80 years or older and residing outside of Seoul had a low OR.
The PD burden increased in South Korea between 2011 and 2020, as did health care utilization and medical costs. A significant increase in medical expenses can be associated with increased PD incidence and PT interventions. Regular PT applications remain restricted and have barriers to access.
Letters to the editor
Joubert Syndrome Presenting With Levodopa-Responsive Parkinsonism
Jin Hwangbo, Ki-Seok Park, Hyun Sung Kim, Jae-Hwan Choi, Jae-Hyeok Lee
Received December 29, 2023  Accepted March 27, 2024  Published online March 27, 2024  
DOI:    [Epub ahead of print]
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  • 33 Download
PDFSupplementary Material
Therapeutic Strategy for Improving Motor Complications of Parkinson’s Disease: Short-Term Levodopa–Carbidopa Intestinal Gel Therapy Using a Nasogastric Tube
Soutarou Taguchi, Takahiro Nakura, Manabu Doyu, Hidemoto Saiki
Received February 8, 2024  Accepted March 20, 2024  Published online March 21, 2024  
DOI:    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 445 View
  • 34 Download
Brief communication
COVID-19 Vaccine-Related Movement Disorders: A Systematic Review
Grace Elysse D. Angeles, Lowrence Precious C. Dichoso, Roland Dominic G. Jamora
Received January 2, 2024  Accepted March 18, 2024  Published online March 19, 2024  
DOI:    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 797 View
  • 69 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Since the release of vaccines against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there have been reports of vaccine-related neurologic complications. This study aimed to perform a descriptive systematic review of movement disorders associated with COVID-19 vaccines.
We described the demographics, clinical presentation, management, outcomes, and proposed pathomechanism of the patients. A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. A standardized tool was used to assess the quality of the cases.
We identified 8 articles that met our inclusion criteria; these articles included 10 patients who developed movement disorders after vaccination. The majority were males (n = 8), with a median age of 64.5 years. The most common movement disorder was hemichorea. The rest presented with generalized chorea with myoclonus, cervical dystonia, and akathisia. Most patients respond to immunotherapy. The standardized tool used showed that most studies had a low risk of bias.
The reported incidence of vaccine-related movement disorders was low based on available published cases.

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