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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders

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JMD Scientific Statements and Guidelines in the Early View area have been typeset, copyedited, and reviewed by the writing group or author, but they have not appeared in a print or online issue of the journal. In some cases, the statement or guideline may be revised before it is eventually published in print and online.

Each manuscript published online ahead of print is citable, with the official publication date being the date of the manuscript's first online posting. JMD papers are assigned Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs), providing a persistent, permanent way to identify manuscripts published in the online environment.

Letters to the editor
Refractory Myoclonus as a Presentation of Metabolic Stroke in A Child With Cobalamin B Methylmalonic Acidemia After Liver and Kidney Transplant
Valerie Olson, Irene J Chang, J Lawrence Merritt nd, Dararat Mingbunjerdsuk
Received December 31, 2021  Accepted February 15, 2022  Published online May 26, 2022  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21196    [Epub ahead of print]
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  • 33 Download
PDFSupplementary Material
Catatonia in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19: An Important Clinical Finding That Should Not be Missed
Tien Lee Ong, Sapiah Sapuan
Received November 26, 2021  Accepted January 25, 2022  Published online May 10, 2022  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21172    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 578 View
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PDFSupplementary Material
Mosapride-Induced Movement Disorders
Sang-Wook Hong, Hae-Won Shin
Received October 7, 2021  Accepted January 20, 2022  Published online May 10, 2022  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21149    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 459 View
  • 42 Download
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Brief communication
Movement Disorders Resulting From Bilateral Basal Ganglia Lesions in End-Stage Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
Kah Hui Yap, Nurul Husna Baharudin, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rabani Remli, Shen-Yang Lim, Wan Asyraf Wan Zaidi, Shahrul Azmin, Shahizon Azura Mohamed Mukari, Raihanah Abdul Khalid, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim
Received December 15, 2021  Accepted February 19, 2022  Published online May 26, 2022  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21185    [Epub ahead of print]
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  • 23 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objective
The basal ganglia (BG) are susceptible to fluctuations in blood urea levels, sometimes resulting in movement disorders. We described patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) presenting with movement disorders associated with bilateral BG lesions on imaging.
Methods
We report four patients and systematically reviewed all published cases of ESKD presenting with movement disorders and bilateral BG lesions (EBSCOhost and Ovid).
Results
Of the 72 patients identified, 55 (76.4%) were on regular dialysis. Parkinsonism was the most common movement disorder (n = 39; 54.2%), followed by chorea (n = 24; 33.3%). Diabetes mellitus (n = 51; 70.8%) and hypertension (n = 16; 22.2%) were the most common risk factors. Forty-three (59.7%) were of Asian ethnicity. Complete clinical resolution was reported in 17 (30.9%) patients, while 38 (69.1%) had incomplete clinical resolution with relapse. Complete radiological resolution occurred in 14 (34.1%) patients.
Conclusion
Movement disorders associated with BG lesions should be recognized as a rare and potentially reversible metabolic movement disorder in patients with ESKD.

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders