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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders



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Letter to the editor
Deep Brain Stimulation in Advanced Parkinson’s Disease: An Uncommon Case of Allergic Encephalitis
Jyun-Yi Chen, Yen-Chung Chen, Shey-Lin Wu
Received November 16, 2023  Accepted April 12, 2024  Published online April 15, 2024  
DOI:    [Accepted]
  • 637 View
  • 14 Download
Review Article
Multiple System Atrophy: Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy
Hirohisa Watanabe, Sayuri Shima, Yasuaki Mizutani, Akihiro Ueda, Mizuki Ito
J Mov Disord. 2023;16(1):13-21.   Published online December 20, 2022
  • 4,023 View
  • 426 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
This review summarizes improvements in understanding the pathophysiology and early clinical symptoms of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and advancements in diagnostic methods and disease-modifying therapies for the condition. In 2022, the Movement Disorder Society proposed new diagnostic criteria to develop disease-modifying therapies and promote clinical trials of MSA since the second consensus was proposed in 2008. Regarding pathogenesis, cutting-edge findings have accumulated on the interactions of α-synuclein, neuroinflammation, and oligodendroglia with neurons. In neuroimaging, introducing artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning has notably improved diagnostic accuracy and individual analyses. Advancements in treatment have also been achieved, including immunotherapy therapy against α-synuclein and serotonin-targeted and mesenchymal stem cell therapies, which are thought to affect several aspects of the disease, including neuroinflammation. The accelerated progress in clarifying the pathogenesis of MSA over the past few years and the development of diagnostic techniques for detecting early-stage MSA are expected to facilitate the development of disease-modifying therapies for one of the most intractable neurodegenerative diseases.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Blinded Evaluation of Brain Morphometry for Differential Diagnosis of Atypical Parkinsonism
    Kazuya Kawabata, Florian Krismer, Beatrice Heim, Anna Hussl, Christoph Mueller, Christoph Scherfler, Elke R. Gizewski, Klaus Seppi, Werner Poewe
    Movement Disorders Clinical Practice.2024; 11(4): 381.     CrossRef
  • The potential of phosphorylated α‐synuclein as a biomarker for the diagnosis and monitoring of multiple system atrophy
    Toufik Abdul‐Rahman, Ranferi Eduardo Herrera‐Calderón, Arjun Ahluwalia, Andrew Awuah Wireko, Tomas Ferreira, Joecelyn Kirani Tan, Maximillian Wolfson, Shankhaneel Ghosh, Viktoriia Horbas, Vandana Garg, Asma Perveen, Marios Papadakis, Ghulam Md Ashraf, Ath
    CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Delivering the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy: a multicenter survey on Japanese neurologists’ perspectives
    Miki Yoshitake, Atsuhiko Sugiyama, Takayoshi Shimohata, Nobuyuki Araki, Masahide Suzuki, Kazumoto Shibuya, Kengo Nagashima, Nobutaka Hattori, Satoshi Kuwabara
    BMC Neurology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Article
Association of AXIN1 With Parkinson’s Disease in a Taiwanese Population
Hwa-Shin Fang, Chih-Ying Chao, Chun-Chieh Wang, Wen-Lang Fan, Po-Jung Huang, Hon-Chung Fung, Yih-Ru Wu
J Mov Disord. 2022;15(1):33-37.   Published online November 17, 2021
  • 4,791 View
  • 271 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
A meta-analysis of locus-based genome-wide association studies recently identified a relationship between AXIN1 and Parkinson’s disease (PD). Few studies of Asian populations, however, have reported such a genetic association. The influences of rs13337493, rs758033, and rs2361988, three PD-associated genetic variants of AXIN1, were investigated in the present study because AXIN1 is related to Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
A total of 2,418 individuals were enrolled in our Taiwanese cohort for analysis of the genotypic and allelic frequency. Polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was employed for rs13337493 genotyping, and the Agena MassARRAY platform (Agena Bioscience, San Diego, CA, USA) was used for rs758033 and rs2361988 genotyping in 672 patients with PD and 392 controls. Taiwan Biobank data of another 1,354 healthy controls were subjected to whole-genome sequencing performed using Illumina platforms at approximately 30× average depth.
Our results revealed that rs758033 {odds ratios [OR] (95% confidence interval [CI]) = 0.267 [0.064, 0.795], p = 0.014} was associated with the risk of PD, and there was a trend toward a protective effect of rs2361988 (OR [95% CI] = 0.296 [0.071, 0.884], p = 0.026) under the recessive model. The TT genotype of rs758033 (OR [95% CI] = 0.271 [0.065, 0.805], p = 0.015) and the CC genotype of rs2361988 (OR [95% CI] = 0.305 [0.073, 0.913], p = 0.031) were less common in the PD group than in the non-PD group.
Our findings indicate that the rs758033 and rs2361988 polymorphisms of AXIN1 may affect the risk of PD in the Taiwanese population.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Disrupted epithelial permeability as a predictor of severe COVID‐19 development
    Duygu Yazici, Eren Cagan, Ge Tan, Manru Li, Evan Do, Ozan C. Kucukkase, Abdurrahman Simsek, Muhammed Ali Kizmaz, Tugce Bozkurt, Tamer Aydin, Anja Heider, Beate Rückert, Marie‐Charlotte Brüggen, Raja Dhir, Liam O'Mahony, Mubeccel Akdis, Kari C. Nadeau, Fer
    Allergy.2023; 78(10): 2644.     CrossRef

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