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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders

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1 "Gastrointestinal dysfunctions"
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Review Article
Gastrointestinal Autonomic Dysfunction in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease
Joong-Seok Kim, Hye-Young Sung
J Mov Disord. 2015;8(2):76-82.   Published online May 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.15008
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Currently, gastrointestinal dysfunctions in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are well-recognized problems and are known to be an initial symptom in the pathological process that eventually results in PD. Gastrointestinal symptoms may result from the involvement of either the central or enteric nervous systems, or these symptoms may be side effects of antiparkinsonian medications. Weight loss, excessive salivation, dysphagia, nausea/gastroparesis, constipation, and defecation dysfunction all may occur. Increased identification and early detection of these symptoms can result in a significant improvement in the quality of life for PD patients.

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders