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Erratum
The Impact of Impulsivity on Quality of Life in Early Drug-Naïve Parkinson’s Disease Patients
Dong-Woo Ryu, Joong-Seok Kim, Sang-Won Yoo, Yoon-Sang Oh, Kwang-Soo Lee
J Mov Disord. 2021;14(2):176-176.   Published online May 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.19004.e
Corrects: J Mov Disord 2019;12(3):172
  • 2,474 View
  • 46 Download
PDF
Original Articles
The Impact of Impulsivity on Quality of Life in Early Drug-Naïve Parkinson’s Disease Patients
Dong-Woo Ryu, Joong-Seok Kim, Sang-Won Yoo, Yoon-Sang Oh, Kwang-Soo Lee
J Mov Disord. 2019;12(3):172-176.   Published online August 9, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.19004
Correction in: J Mov Disord 2021;14(2):176
  • 3,916 View
  • 101 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective
Impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are mostly related to dopamine replacement therapy (DRT); however, drug-naïve PD patients have also frequently experienced impulsivity. This phenomenon makes clinicians hesitate treating patients with DRT. In this study, we assessed the effect of impulsivity on quality of life (QOL) in drug-naïve PD patients.
Methods
Two hundred three newly diagnosed, nonmedicated PD patients were enrolled, and they received structured clinical interviews, physical examinations and validated questionnaires to evaluate motor and nonmotor symptoms and QOL. Impulsivity was evaluated using the Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease-Rating Scale (QUIP-RS).
Results
Thirty-eight patients (18.7%) had impulsivity with QUIP-RS scores ≥ 1 and 4 patients (2.0%) were diagnosed with combined ICDs. Motor and nonmotor symptoms were significantly correlated with the Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 summary index. Female sex and QUIP-RS scores were also correlated with QOL in drug-naïve PD patients.
Conclusion
The results of the present study showed that impulsivity negatively influences QOL in early drug-naïve PD patients. In addition, more severe motor and nonmotor symptoms were also associated with lower QOL. Such findings complicate treatment but provide valuable information for managing early PD.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Parkinson's Disease After Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation
    Weibing Liu, Tatsuya Yamamoto, Yoshitaka Yamanaka, Masato Asahina, Tomoyuki Uchiyama, Shigeki Hirano, Keisuke Shimizu, Yoshinori Higuchi, Satoshi Kuwabara
    Frontiers in Neurology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Dopamine genetic risk score predicts impulse control behaviors in Parkinson’s disease
    Alison Hall, Samuel R. Weaver, Lindsey J. Compton, Winston D. Byblow, Ned Jenkinson, Hayley J. MacDonald
    Clinical Parkinsonism & Related Disorders.2021; 5: 100113.     CrossRef
  • A Review of the Concept of Impulsivity
    Mohammed Munther Al-Hammouri, Jehad A. Rababah, Celeste Shawler
    Advances in Nursing Science.2021; 44(4): 357.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of therapeutic strategies for management of impulse control disorder in Parkinson’s disease
    Mayela Rodríguez-Violante, Yazmín Ríos-Solís, Oscar Esquivel-Zapata, Fanny Herrera, Susana López-Alamillo, Cynthia Sarabia-Tapia, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria.2021; 79(11): 989.     CrossRef
Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunction in Mild and Advanced Parkinson’s Disease
Joong-Seok Kim, Si-Hoon Lee, Yoon-Sang Oh, Jeong-Wook Park, Jae-Young An, Sung-Kyung Park, Si-Ryung Han, Kwang-Soo Lee
J Mov Disord. 2016;9(2):97-103.   Published online March 28, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.16001
  • 17,311 View
  • 194 Download
  • 25 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective
The purpose of the present study was to investigate cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) with mild to severe stages of motor symptoms and to compare cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction between drug-naïve and dopaminergic drug-treated groups.
Methods
This study included 188 PD patients and 25 age-matched healthy controls who underwent head-up tilt-testing, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and 24-h Holter monitoring. Autonomic function test results were evaluated among groups categorized by motor symptom severities (mild vs. moderate vs. severe) and treatment (drug-naïve or dopaminergic drug treatment).
Results
Orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension were more frequent in patients with PD than in healthy controls. The frequencies of orthostatic hypotension, supine hypertension, nocturnal hypertension and non-dipping were not different among groups. Additionally, no significant differences were detected in supine BP, orthostatic BP change, nighttime BP, nocturnal BP dipping, or heart rate variabilities among groups.
Conclusions
Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction is not confined to moderate to severe PD patients, and starts early in the course of the disease in a high proportion of PD patients. In addition, dopaminergic drug treatments do not affect cardiovascular autonomic function.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • The Dysfunctional Autonomic Function and “Dysfunctional” Fatigue in Drug Naïve Parkinson’s Disease
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    Ronald F. Pfeiffer
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    Lixia Li, Peng Guo, Duyu Ding, Tenghong Lian, Lijun Zuo, Fenghe Du, Wei Zhang
    Neurological Research.2019; 41(8): 734.     CrossRef
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    Marina Simeonova, Frank Vries, Sander Pouwels, Johanna H. M. Driessen, Hubert G.M. Leufkens, Suzanne M. Cadarette, Andrea M. Burden
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    Ji-Young Kim, In-Uk Song, Seong-Beom Koh, Tae-Beom Ahn, Sang Jin Kim, Sang-Myung Cheon, Jin Whan Cho, Yun Joong Kim, Hyeo-Il Ma, Mee-Young Park, Jong Sam Baik, Phil Hyu Lee, Sun Ju Chung, Jong-Min Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Young-Hee Sung, Do Young Kwon, Jae-Hyeo
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  • Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunction in Patients with Drug-Induced Parkinsonism
    Joong-Seok Kim, Dong-Woo Ryu, Ju-Hee Oh, Yang-Hyun Lee, Sung-Jin Park, Kipyung Jeon, Jong-Yun Lee, Seong Hee Ho, Jungmin So, Jin Hee Im, Kwang-Soo Lee
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    J.-S. Kim, H.-E. Park, I.-S. Park, Y.-S. Oh, D.-W. Ryu, I.-U. Song, Y.-A. Jung, I. R. Yoo, H.-S. Choi, P. H. Lee, K.-S. Lee
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    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Maria Nolano, Vincenzo Provitera, Fiore Manganelli, Rosa Iodice, Annamaria Stancanelli, Giuseppe Caporaso, Annamaria Saltalamacchia, Francesca Califano, Bernardo Lanzillo, Marina Picillo, Paolo Barone, Lucio Santoro
    Neurology.2017; 89(8): 776.     CrossRef
  • Arterial Stiffness and Cardiovascular Autonomic Dysfunction in Patients with Parkinson's Disease
    Joong-Seok Kim, Si-Hoon Lee, Yoon-Sang Oh, Jeong-Wook Park, Jae-Young An, Hyun-Seok Choi, Kwang-Soo Lee
    Neurodegenerative Diseases.2017; 17(2-3): 89.     CrossRef
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Effect of Rivastigmine on Behavioral and Psychiatric Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease Dementia
Yoon-Sang Oh, Joong-Seok Kim, Phil Hyu Lee
J Mov Disord. 2015;8(2):98-102.   Published online May 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.15041
  • 18,320 View
  • 239 Download
  • 27 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective A recent study showed that rivastigmine and memantin improved behavioral and psychiatric symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in Alzheimer’s dementia. Furthermore, according to recent guidelines presented by the Movement Disorder Society, rivastigmine is efficacious for the treatment of dementia in Parkinson’s disease (PD). We investigated the efficacy of rivastigmine for BPSD in patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD).
Methods Twenty-three patients in whom cognitive impairment occurred at least one year after a diagnosis of PD participated in this open-label trial. Cognitive, psychiatric, and motor symptoms were assessed before and after 24 weeks of treatment with rivastigmine using unstructured clinical assessments and rating scales including the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory.
Results Age (± standard deviation) was 74.7 ± 5.9 years, average duration of PD was 3.5 ± 3.7 years, Hoehn and Yahr scores were 2.2 ± 0.8, and baseline MMSE scores were 19.1 ± 4.2. Improvements in global mental symptoms and neuropsychiatric symptoms were significant; among them, hallucination, depression and appetite changes improved. Caregiver distress significantly decreased, including distress resulting from hallucinations, depression, apathy, and appetite changes.
Conclusions Although controlled trials are required, the findings suggest that rivastigmine is useful for control of several neuropsychiatric symptoms and beneficial for caregiver distress in patients with PDD.

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Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease Dementia Are Associated with Increased Caregiver Burden
Yoon-Sang Oh, Ji E. Lee, Phil Hyu Lee, Joong-Seok Kim
J Mov Disord. 2015;8(1):26-32.   Published online January 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.14019
  • 18,449 View
  • 110 Download
  • 29 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD). Frequent and severe neuropsychiatric symptoms create high levels of distress for patients and caregivers, decreasing their quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate neuropsychiatric symptoms that may contribute to increased caregiver burden in PDD patients.
Methods Forty-eight PDD patients were assessed using the 12-item Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) to determine the frequency and severity of mental and behavioral problems. The Burden Interview and Caregiver Burden Inventory were used to evaluate caregiver burden.
Results All but one patient showed one or more neuropsychiatric symptoms. The three most frequent neuropsychiatric symptoms were apathy (70.8%) and anxiety (70.8%), followed by depression (68.7%). More severe neuropsychiatric symptoms were significantly correlated with increased caregiver burden. The domains of delusion, hallucination, agitation and aggression, anxiety, irritability and lability, and aberrant motor behavior were associated with caregiver stress. After controlling for age and other potential confounding variables, total NPI score was significantly associated with caregiver burden.
Conclusions The results of this study confirm that neuropsychiatric symptoms are frequent and severe in patients with PDD and are associated with increased caregiver distress. A detailed evaluation and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms in PDD patients appears necessary to improve patient quality of life and reduce caregiver burden.

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Orthostatic and Supine Blood Pressures Are Associated with White Matter Hyperintensities in Parkinson Disease
Yoon-Sang Oh, Joong-Seok Kim, Kwang-Soo Lee
J Mov Disord. 2013;6(2):23-27.   Published online October 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.13006
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background and Purpose:

Several reports on the elderly population have suggested that orthostatic hypotension is associated with white matter hyperintensities (WMH); however, little information is available on patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD).

Methods:

We analyzed the association blood pressure profiles during tilt table testing with WMH scores in 117 patients with PD. WMH were rated using the semiquantitative visual rating system proposed by Scheltens et al.

Results:

The presence of orthostatic hypotension was associated with increasing tendency of WMH score and the blood pressure changes during tilting and supine blood pressure were positively correlated with increasing WMH score.

Conclusions:

This finding indicates that hemodynamic changes associated with orthostatic hypotension may be associated with white matter changes in patients with PD.

Citations

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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders