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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders

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Original Articles
Association Between Gait and Dysautonomia in Patients With De Novo Parkinson’s Disease: Forward Gait Versus Backward Gait
Seon-Min Lee, Mina Lee, Eun Ji Lee, Rae On Kim, Yongduk Kim, Kyum-Yil Kwon
J Mov Disord. 2023;16(1):59-67.   Published online September 7, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.22045
  • 2,747 View
  • 236 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective
Studies on gait and autonomic dysfunction have been insufficient so far, particularly de novo Parkinson’s disease (PD). The aim of this study was to identify the association between gait dynamics and autonomic dysfunction in patients with de novo PD.
Methods
A total 38 patients with de novo PD were retrospectively included in this study. Details of patients’ dysautonomia were assessed using the Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease-Autonomic Dysfunction (SCOPA-AUT). For assessment of gait, a computerized gait analysis was performed using the GAITRite system for forward gait and backward gait. High SCOPA-AUT score (PD-HSAS) group and low SCOPA-AUT score (PD-LSAS) group were identified according to their SCOPA-AUT scores.
Results
Nineteen (50%) patients with high SCOPA-AUT scores above median value (12.5) were assigned into the PD-HSAS group and others were assigned to the PD-LSAS group. Compared with the PD-LSAS group, the PD-HSAS group exhibited slower gait, shorter stride, decreased cadence, increased double support phase, decreased swing phase, and increased variability in swing time. Total SCOPA-AUT score showed significantly positive correlations with gait variability and instability but a negative correlation with gait hypokinesia. In subdomain analysis, urinary dysautonomia was highly associated with impairment of gait dynamics. All significant results were found to be more remarkable in backward gait than in forward gait.
Conclusion
Our findings suggest that alteration in gait dynamics, especially backward gait, is highly associated with autonomic dysfunction in patients with de novo PD.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association between autonomic dysfunction with motor and non-motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease
    Yi Qin, De-Tao Meng, Zhao-Hui Jin, Wen-Jun Du, Bo-Yan Fang
    Journal of Neural Transmission.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Dual-task Gait Speed in Older Adults with and without Parkinson’s Disease
    André Ivaniski-Mello, Vivian Torres Müller, Lucas de Liz Alves, Marcela Zimmermann Casal, Aline Nogueira Haas, Luca Correale, Ana Carolina Kanitz, Valéria Feijó Martins, Andréa Kruger Gonçalves, Flávia Gomes Martinez, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga
    International Journal of Sports Medicine.2023; 44(10): 744.     CrossRef
Clinical Characteristics of Involuntary Movement in Hospitalized Patients
Kyum-Yil Kwon, Hye Mi Lee, Seon-Min Lee, Seong-Beom Koh
J Mov Disord. 2019;12(1):31-36.   Published online December 20, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.18040
  • 6,788 View
  • 203 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective
Neurological symptoms in hospitalized patients are not rare, and neurological consultation for movement disorders is especially important in evaluating or managing those with various movement disorders. Therefore, we investigated a clinical pattern of in-hospital consultations for various movement disorders in a tertiary care university hospital.
Methods
Over two years, a total of 202 patients (70.7 ± 11.8 years of age) presenting with movement disorders referred to movement disorder specialists were investigated.
Results
The main symptoms referred by nonneurologists were tremor (56.9%), parkinsonism (16.8%), and gait disturbance (8.9%). The most frequent diagnostic category was toxic/metabolic-caused movement disorder (T/MCMD) (35%) with regard to medications, followed by Parkinson’s disease (PD) (16%). Regarding the mode of onset, T/MCMD was the leading cause for acute (68%) and subacute onset (46%), while PD was the leading disorder (31%) for chronic onset.
Conclusion
The current study showed a characteristic pattern of inpatients presenting with movement disorders. Furthermore, our findings highlighted the clinical significance of drug use or metabolic problems for treating this patient population.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Pattern and frequency of involuntary movements: hospital-based study
    H. N. El Tallawy, A. S. Shalash, M. A. Abdelhamed, R. E. Elsabrout
    The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical Spectrum of Movement Disorders in Neurology Inpatients in a Tertiary Care Centre
    Shabeer Ahmad Paul, Gouranga Prasad Mondal, Ramesh Bhattacharyya, Kartik Chandra Ghosh, Sarbajit Das, Suman Das, Hema Krishna, Chandrakanta Patra
    Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice.2021; 12: 581.     CrossRef

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders