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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders

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3 "Rabani Remli"
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Brief communication
Movement Disorders Resulting From Bilateral Basal Ganglia Lesions in End-Stage Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
Kah Hui Yap, Nurul Husna Baharudin, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rabani Remli, Shen-Yang Lim, Wan Asyraf Wan Zaidi, Shahrul Azmin, Shahizon Azura Mohamed Mukari, Raihanah Abdul Khalid, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim
J Mov Disord. 2022;15(3):258-263.   Published online May 26, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21185
  • 1,113 View
  • 57 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objective
The basal ganglia (BG) are susceptible to fluctuations in blood urea levels, sometimes resulting in movement disorders. We described patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) presenting with movement disorders associated with bilateral BG lesions on imaging.
Methods
We report four patients and systematically reviewed all published cases of ESKD presenting with movement disorders and bilateral BG lesions (EBSCOhost and Ovid).
Results
Of the 72 patients identified, 55 (76.4%) were on regular dialysis. Parkinsonism was the most common movement disorder (n = 39; 54.2%), followed by chorea (n = 24; 33.3%). Diabetes mellitus (n = 51; 70.8%) and hypertension (n = 16; 22.2%) were the most common risk factors. Forty-three (59.7%) were of Asian ethnicity. Complete clinical resolution was reported in 17 (30.9%) patients, while 38 (69.1%) had incomplete clinical resolution with relapse. Complete radiological resolution occurred in 14 (34.1%) patients.
Conclusion
Movement disorders associated with BG lesions should be recognized as a rare and potentially reversible metabolic movement disorder in patients with ESKD.
Case Report
Labrune’s Syndrome Presenting With Stereotypy-Like Movements and Psychosis: A Case Report and Review
Chun-Yang Sim, Shahizon Azura Mohamed Mukari, Lock-Hock Ngu, Chia-Yin Loh, Rabani Remli, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim
J Mov Disord. 2022;15(2):162-166.   Published online December 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21120
  • 2,044 View
  • 260 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Labrune’s syndrome, or leukoencephalopathy with brain calcifications and cysts (LCC), is a rare genetic syndrome with variable neurological presentations. Psychiatric manifestations and involuntary movements are uncommonly reported. We report the case of a 19-year-old female, initially diagnosed with Fahr’s syndrome, who presented to us with acute psychosis, abnormal behavior and involuntary movements. Her brain computed tomography showed extensive bilateral intracranial calcifications without cysts. Genetic testing detected two compound heterozygous variants, NR_033294.1 n.*9C>T and n.24C>T, in the SNORD118 gene, confirming the diagnosis of LCC. We discuss the expanding phenotypic spectrum of LCC and provide a literature review on the current diagnosis and management of this rare syndrome.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Leukoencephalopathy, calcifications, and cysts: Labrune syndrome
    Andrew Waack, Jordan Norris, Kathryn Becker, Alastair Hoyt, Jason Schroeder
    Radiology Case Reports.2023; 18(2): 584.     CrossRef
Letter to the editor
Anti-GABAB Receptor Encephalitis Presenting with Atypical Corticobasal Syndrome in a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease
Noor Sharizat Abdullah, Tan Hui Jan, Rabani Remli, Shahizon Azura Mohamad Mukari, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim
J Mov Disord. 2020;13(3):235-237.   Published online September 9, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.20011
  • 4,137 View
  • 70 Download
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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders