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7 "Jinse Park"
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Brief communication
Evaluating the validity and reliability of the Korean version of Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease–Cognition
Jinse Park, Eung Seok Oh, Seong-Beom Koh, In-Uk Song, Tae-Beom Ahn, Sang Jin Kim, Sang-Myung Cheon, Yun Joong Kim, Jin Whan Cho, Hyeo-Il Ma, Mee-Young Park, Jong Sam Baik, Phil Hyu Lee, Sun Ju Chung, Jong-Min Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Young-Hee Sung, Do Young Kwon, Jae-Hyeok Lee, Jee-Young Lee, Ji Sun Kim, Ji Young Yun, Hee Jin Kim, Jin Young Hong, Mi-Jung Kim, Jinyoung Youn, Ji Seon Kim, Hui-Jun Yang, Won Tae Yoon, Sooyeoun You, Kyum-Yil Kwon, Su-Yun Lee, Younsoo Kim, Hee-Tae Kim, Joong-Seok Kim, Ji-Young Kim
Received March 8, 2024  Accepted April 2, 2024  Published online April 3, 2024  
DOI:    [Accepted]
  • 639 View
  • 26 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease–Cognition (SCOPA-Cog) was developed to screen for cognition in PD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the SCOPA-cog.
We recruited 129 PD patients from 31 clinics with movement disorders in South Korea. The original version of the SCOPA-cognition was translated into Korean using the translation-retranslation method. The test-rest method with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient were used to assess reliability. The Spearman’s Rank correlation analysis with Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Korean version (MOCA-K) and Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) were used to assess concurrent validity.
The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.797, and the ICC was 0.887. Spearman’s rank correlation analysis showed a significant correlation with the K-MMSE and MOCA-K scores (r = 0.546 and r = 0.683, respectively).
Our results demonstrate that K-SCOPA-Cog exhibits good reliability and validity.
Original Article
Trends in Physiotherapy Interventions and Medical Costs for Parkinson’s Disease in South Korea, 2011–2020
Dong-Woo Ryu, Jinse Park, Myung Jun Lee, Dallah Yoo, Sang-Myung Cheon
Received December 22, 2023  Accepted March 18, 2024  Published online March 19, 2024  
DOI:    [Epub ahead of print]
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  • 50 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Physiotherapy (PT), which is an effective strategy for managing Parkinson’s disease (PD), can influence health care utilization. We analyzed trends in health care utilization, PT interventions, and medical costs among patients with PD.
Using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2011 to 2020, we analyzed the number of patients with PD and their health care utilization and assessed the odds ratio (OR) for receiving regular PTs.
Over 10 years, 169,613 patients with PD were included in the analysis. The number of patients with PD increased annually from 49,417 in 2011 to 91,841 in 2020. The number of patients with PD receiving PT increased from 4,847 (9.81%) in 2011 to 13,163 (14.33%) in 2020, and the number of PT prescriptions increased from 81,220 in 2011 to 377,651 in 2019. Medical costs per patient with PD increased from 1,686 United States dollars (USD) in 2011 to 3,202 USD in 2020. The medical expenses for each patient with PD receiving PT increased from 6,582 USD in 2011 to 13,475 USD in 2020. Moreover, regular PTs were administered to 31,782 patients (18.74%) and were administered only through hospitalization. Those patients in their 50s with disabilities demonstrated a high OR for regular PTs, whereas those aged 80 years or older and residing outside of Seoul had a low OR.
The PD burden increased in South Korea between 2011 and 2020, as did health care utilization and medical costs. A significant increase in medical expenses can be associated with increased PD incidence and PT interventions. Regular PT applications remain restricted and have barriers to access.
Letter to the editor
Orthostatic Myoclonus as a Presentation of Hashimoto Encephalopathy
Hyunyoung Hwang, Jinse Park, Jeong Ik Eun, Kyong Jin Shin, Jongmok Ha, Jinyoung Youn
J Mov Disord. 2023;16(1):104-106.   Published online January 12, 2023
  • 1,637 View
  • 70 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
PDFSupplementary Material


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The use of intravenous immunoglobulin in the treatment of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy: case based review
    Victoriţa Şorodoc, Mihai Constantin, Andreea Asaftei, Cătălina Lionte, Alexandr Ceasovschih, Oana Sîrbu, Raluca Ecaterina Haliga, Laurenţiu Şorodoc
    Frontiers in Neurology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Brief communication
Validity and Reliability of the Korean-Translated Version of the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale in Cerebellar Ataxia
Jinse Park, Jin Whan Cho, Jinyoung Youn, Engseok Oh, Wooyoung Jang, Joong-Seok Kim, Yoon-Sang Oh, Hyungyoung Hwang, Chang-Hwan Ryu, Jin-Young Ahn, Jee-Young Lee, Seong-Beom Koh, Jae H. Park, Hee-Tae Kim
J Mov Disord. 2023;16(1):86-90.   Published online December 20, 2022
  • 1,687 View
  • 95 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
The International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS) is a semiquantitative clinical scale for ataxia that is widely used in numerous countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Korean-translated version of the ICARS.
Eighty-eight patients who presented with cerebellar ataxia were enrolled. We investigated the construct validity using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). We also investigated the internal consistency using Cronbach’s α and intrarater and interrater reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients.
The Korean-translated ICARS showed satisfactory construct validity using EFA and CFA. It also revealed good interrater and intrarater reliability and showed acceptable internal consistency. However, subscale 4 for assessing oculomotor disorder showed moderate internal consistency.
This is the first report to investigate the validity and reliability of the Korean-translated ICARS. Our results showed excellent construct and convergent validity. The reliability is also acceptable.
Original Article
Validity and Reliability Study of the Korean Tinetti Mobility Test for Parkinson’s Disease
Jinse Park, Seong-Beom Koh, Hee Jin Kim, Eungseok Oh, Joong-Seok Kim, Ji Young Yun, Do-Young Kwon, Younsoo Kim, Ji Seon Kim, Kyum-Yil Kwon, Jeong-Ho Park, Jinyoung Youn, Wooyoung Jang
J Mov Disord. 2018;11(1):24-29.   Published online January 23, 2018
  • 11,522 View
  • 265 Download
  • 14 Web of Science
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Postural instability and gait disturbance are the cardinal symptoms associated with falling among patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The Tinetti mobility test (TMT) is a well-established measurement tool used to predict falls among elderly people. However, the TMT has not been established or widely used among PD patients in Korea. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the TMT for PD patients.
Twenty-four patients diagnosed with PD were enrolled in this study. For the interrater reliability test, thirteen clinicians scored the TMT after watching a video clip. We also used the test-retest method to determine intrarater reliability. For concurrent validation, the unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale, Hoehn and Yahr staging, Berg Balance Scale, Timed-Up and Go test, 10-m walk test, and gait analysis by three-dimensional motion capture were also used. We analyzed receiver operating characteristic curve to predict falling.
The interrater reliability and intrarater reliability of the Korean Tinetti balance scale were 0.97 and 0.98, respectively. The interrater reliability and intra-rater reliability of the Korean Tinetti gait scale were 0.94 and 0.96, respectively. The Korean TMT scores were significantly correlated with the other clinical scales and three-dimensional motion capture. The cutoff values for predicting falling were 14 points (balance subscale) and 10 points (gait subscale).
We found that the Korean version of the TMT showed excellent validity and reliability for gait and balance and had high sensitivity and specificity for predicting falls among patients with PD.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Validity and Reliability of the Korean-Translated Version of the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale in Cerebellar Ataxia
    Jinse Park, Jin Whan Cho, Jinyoung Youn, Engseok Oh, Wooyoung Jang, Joong-Seok Kim, Yoon-Sang Oh, Hyungyoung Hwang, Chang-Hwan Ryu, Jin-Young Ahn, Jee-Young Lee, Seong-Beom Koh, Jae H. Park, Hee-Tae Kim
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2023; 16(1): 86.     CrossRef
  • Reliability and validity of the Tinetti performance oriented mobility assessment in Chinese community-dwelling older adults
    Chen Yang, Yihan Mo, Xi Cao, Song Zhu, Xiuhua Wang, Xiaoqing Wang
    Geriatric Nursing.2023; 53: 85.     CrossRef
  • Validation of the Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (Tinetti Test) Scale in Russia for Stroke Patients
    Elena V. Kostenko, Liudmila V. Petrova, Irena V. Pogonchenkova
    Bulletin of Rehabilitation Medicine.2023; 22(3): 29.     CrossRef
  • Dance Intervention Using the Feldenkrais Method Improves Motor, and Non-Motor Symptoms and Gait in Parkinson’s Disease: A 12-Month Study
    Sung Hoon Kang, Jinhee Kim, Ilsoo Kim, Young Ae Moon, Sojung Park, Seong-Beom Koh
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2022; 15(1): 53.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Anticipatory Postural Adjustment before Quantified Weight Shifting—System Development and Reliability Test
    Jiunn-Woei Liaw, Rou-Shayn Chen, Vincent Chiun-Fan Chen, Yan-Ru Wang, Hsiao-Lung Chan, Ya-Ju Chang
    Applied Sciences.2021; 11(2): 758.     CrossRef
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    Jan Neugebauer, Valérie Tóthová, Jitka Doležalová
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  • Decreased foot height may be a subclinical shuffling gait in early stage of Parkinson’s disease: A study of three-dimensional motion analysis
    Kyong Jin Shin, Jinse Park, Samyeol Ha, Kang Min Park, Sung Eun Kim, Byung In Lee, Dong Ah Lee, Hee-Tae Kim, Ji-Yeon Yoon
    Gait & Posture.2020; 76: 64.     CrossRef
  • Design of a Machine Learning-Assisted Wearable Accelerometer-Based Automated System for Studying the Effect of Dopaminergic Medicine on Gait Characteristics of Parkinson’s Patients
    Satyabrata Aich, Pyari Mohan Pradhan, Sabyasachi Chakraborty, Hee-Cheol Kim, Hee-Tae Kim, Hae-Gu Lee, Il Hwan Kim, Moon-il Joo, Sim Jong Seong, Jinse Park
    Journal of Healthcare Engineering.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Psychometric properties and domains of postural control tests for individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    Helen P. French, Charlotte K. Hager, Anne Venience, Ryan Fagan, Dara Meldrum
    International Journal of Rehabilitation Research.2020; 43(2): 102.     CrossRef
  • Measures of balance and falls risk prediction in people with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review of psychometric properties
    Stanley J Winser, Priya Kannan, Umar Muhhamad Bello, Susan L Whitney
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  • Allelic variant in SLC6A3 rs393795 affects cerebral regional homogeneity and gait dysfunction in patients with Parkinson’s disease
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    PeerJ.2019; 7: e7957.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Balance Disorders in Parkinson's Disease Using Simple Diagnostic Tests—Not So Simple to Choose
    Karolina Krzysztoń, Jakub Stolarski, Jan Kochanowski
    Frontiers in Neurology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Rasch Analysis of the Clinimetric Properties of the Korean Dizziness Handicap Inventory in Patients with Parkinson Disease
    Da-Young Lee, Hui-Jun Yang, Dong-Seok Yang, Jin-Hyuk Choi, Byoung-Soo Park, Ji-Yun Park
    Research in Vestibular Science.2018; 17(4): 152.     CrossRef
Review Article
Movement Disorders Following Cerebrovascular Lesion in the Basal Ganglia Circuit
Jinse Park
J Mov Disord. 2016;9(2):71-79.   Published online May 25, 2016
  • 30,174 View
  • 955 Download
  • 47 Web of Science
  • 48 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Movement disorders are primarily associated with the basal ganglia and the thalamus; therefore, movement disorders are more frequently manifest after stroke compared with neurological injuries associated with other structures of the brain. Overall clinical features, such as types of movement disorder, the time of onset and prognosis, are similar with movement disorders after stroke in other structures. Dystonia and chorea are commonly occurring post-stroke movement disorders in basal ganglia circuit, and these disorders rarely present with tremor. Rarer movement disorders, including tic, restless leg syndrome, and blepharospasm, can also develop following a stroke. Although the precise mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of these conditions have not been fully characterized, disruptions in the crosstalk between the inhibitory and excitatory circuits resulting from vascular insult are proposed to be the underlying cause. The GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)ergic and dopaminergic systems play key roles in post-stroke movement disorders. This review summarizes movement disorders induced by basal ganglia and thalamic stroke according to the anatomical regions in which they manifest.


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    Surgical Neurology International.2023; 14: 430.     CrossRef
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    IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics.2021; 26(6): 3128.     CrossRef
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    Petya Bogdanova‐Mihaylova, Richard A. Walsh
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  • Vascular Pathology Causing Late Onset Generalized Chorea: A Clinico‐Pathological Case Report
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Letter to the editor
A Patient with Unilateral Periodic Leg Movements Associated with Pontine Infarction
Joon Won Lee, Kyong Jin Shin, Sam Yeol Ha, Jinse Park, Kang Min Park
J Mov Disord. 2015;8(1):37-39.   Published online January 31, 2015
  • 15,796 View
  • 48 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Asymmetry of Periodic Leg Movements in Sleep (PLMS) in Parkinson’s Disease
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    S. Chandan, G. Shukla, A. Gupta, A. Srivastava, D. Vibha, K. Prasad
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  • Post-stroke restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movements in sleep
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