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Nayoung K. D. Kim 1 Article
The Effect of Globus Pallidus Interna Deep Brain Stimulation on a Dystonia Patient with the GNAL Mutation Compared to Patients with DYT1 and DYT6
Jong Hyeon Ahn, Ah Reum Kim, Nayoung K. D. Kim, Woong-Yang Park, Ji Sun Kim, Minkyeong Kim, Jongkyu Park, Jung-Il Lee, Jin Whan Cho, Kyung Rae Cho, Jinyoung Youn
J Mov Disord. 2019;12(2):120-124.   Published online May 30, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of globus pallidus interna deep brain stimulation (GPi-DBS) for treating dystonia due to the GNAL mutation.
We provide the first report of a dystonia patient with a genetically confirmed GNAL mutation in the Korean population and reviewed the literature on patients with the GNAL mutation who underwent GPi-DBS. We compared the effectiveness of DBS in patients with the GNAL mutation compared to that in patients with DYT1 and DYT6 in a previous study.
Patients with the GNAL mutation and those with DYT1 had higher early responder rates (GNAL, 5/5, 100%; DYT1, 7/7, 100%) than did patients with DYT6 (p = 0.047). The responder rates at late follow-up did not differ statistically among the three groups (p = 0.278). The decrease in the dystonia motor scale score in the GNAL group was 46.9% at early follow-up and 63.4% at late follow-up.
GPi-DBS would be an effective treatment option for dystonia patients with the GNAL mutation who are resistant to medication or botulinum toxin treatment.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders