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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders


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Hyun-Dong Park 1 Article
Electrophysiologic Assessments of Involuntary Movements: Tremor and Myoclonus
Hyun-Dong Park, Hee-Tae Kim
J Mov Disord. 2009;2(1):14-17.
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AbstractAbstract PDF

Tremor is defined as a rhythmical, involuntary oscillatory movement of a body part. Although neurological examination reveals information regarding its frequency, regularity, amplitude, and activation conditions, the electrophysiological investigations help in confirming the tremor, in differentiating it from other hyperkinetic disorders like myoclonus, and may provide etiological clues. Accelerometer with surface electromyogram (EMG) can be used to document the dominant frequency of a tremor, which may be useful as certain frequencies are more characteristic of specific etiologies than others hyperkinetic disorders. It may show rhythmic bursts, duration and activation pattern (alternating or synchronous). Myoclonus is a quick, involuntary movement. Electrophysiological studies may helpful in the evaluation of myoclonus, not only for confirming the clinical diagnosis but also for understanding the underlying physiological mechanisms. Electroencephalogram (EEG)-EMG correlates can give us important information about myoclonus. Jerk-locked back-averaging and evoked potentials with recording of the long-latency, long-loop reflexes are currently available to study the pathophysiology of myoclonus.


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  • Epileptic and non-epileptic paroxysmal motor phenomena in newborns
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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders